Family & Friends
How to bring your loved ones to Germany
Germany - Visas & Permits
Familiennachzug is the term used to describe the right to bring one's family to Germany if one is already resident in the country.
EU citizens working in Germany can bring their family, including spouses, children aged under 21, parents and grandparents, as long as they are financially secured. The right to bring along family members also applies to family members who are not citizens of an EU state. Family members do not require a work permit to take up employment.
For non-EU citizens with a (temporary or permanent) residence permit, family members normally include children under the age of 18, spouses and in some cases other family members. The Familiennachzug can only occur after certain conditions have been met, such as the size of the accommodation and the ability of the resident person to support dependents.
Some notes on marriages
Spouses have the right to come to Germany if the spouse already living in Germany has a valid Aufenthaltsberechtigung. If the spouse living in Germany has a temporary or permanent Aufenthaltserlaubnis, a spouse can only claim the right of Familiennachzug if the marriage took place before the person gained the residency and this was stated at the time of application.
Residency rights are granted even if the partnership has ended, as long as the marriage was in place for two years after moving to Germany. If a couple divorced before two years has elapsed, individual residency rights are only granted in special cases.
Visits from friends and family
If friends or family members from abroad wish to visit you Germany, this is not governed by the same regulations governing family members who wish to remain in Germany. Visitors need to get a visa before coming even if they only want to stay briefly in Germany. Since German diplomatic missions have a considerable amount of leeway when allocating visas, family ties are often taken into account and close relatives are often granted visas.
In order to gain a visa, your visitor must prove that s/he has means at their disposal to finance their stay in Germany. To prove this, you will generally need to sign a form at the local immigration office guaranteeing that you will cover the living costs of your visitor if necessary ( Verpflichtungserklärung). The immigration office often charges a fee for processing this application.
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