In Brazil, there are entire industries and traditions dedicated to football, making it one of the most important elements of Brazilian culture. Everyone has a national team they support and follow, regardless of age or gender. In fact, children are taught from a young age to support one of their parents' teams.
This can be seen when one of the country's many national championships are taking place.
Campeonato Brasileiro - the Brazilian Championship
The Brazilian Championship, or Brasileirão as it is known locally, is an annual football competition of Brazilian teams, which has been happening since 1959. It has several categories, or Séries; Série A includes the 20 best teams in the country, and it goes down all the way to Série D with the semi-professional teams. For Série A, the teams that place in the first four positions go on to play in another tournament with the best teams from all of South America, in a tournament called the Copa dos Libertadores (the Freedom Cup). The teams from Série A with the four worst scores are relegated to Série B. Similarly, the best four teams in the Série B play in the Série A in the following year.
The tournament is played in a double round-robin format. This means that it is not like the World Cup, where there are semi-finals, a final, etc. There are a fixed number of games and each team plays every other team twice, one time at home and one time away. Once all of the games have been played, the team with the most points wins. This point-based system works so that a team earns three points for a win, one point for a draw and zero points for a loss.
The five teams that won the most championships in Brazil are Santos (8), Palmeiras (8), São Paulo (6), Flamengo (6) and Corinthians (4).
Most popular teams
The teams with the largest number of supporters in Brazil, are also three of the ones that won the most competitions. They are: Flamengo, Corinthians and São Paulo.
Flamengo is the team with the largest number of supporters in the world, at 32.6 million. It is the best-known team in Rio de Janeiro and has won six Brazilian National Championships and one Interncontinental Cup. Also, it is one of three teams in history to never have been removed or relegated from the Brazilian First Division.
The next team is Corinthians, with 23 million supporters. The team is from São Paulo and has won the Brazilian National Championship four times and the FIFA Club World Cup once.
Lastly, there is São Paulo with 15.3 million supporters. It is the third most successful club in Brazilian football and one of the most successful clubs since the Série A’s creation in 1971. São Paulo won the Brazilian National Championship six times and has three world titles: two Intercontinental Cups and one FIFA Club World Cup.
World Cup tradition
Despite widespread support for the local teams, the true beauty of the Brazilian football culture is seen during international events, such as the FIFA World Cup, where the entire country comes together as one to support the Brazilian football team.
During the 2010 World Cup, Google performed an experiment in which they compared how many Google queries are carried out in a country on a typical day to those during a World Cup game. It was no surprise that Brazil showed the biggest dip during games, with its queries dropping by half during its football games.
This describes perfectly the Brazilian habit to stop everything during the World Cup. Schools let children out earlier, so they can follow Brazil's games, and companies supply televisions in the office so employees can follow the game. Shops close, and for the 90 minutes that the Brazilian team is playing, there is little else going on. The further the team goes into the competition, the more life stops. During the World Cup there are concerts, events and huge screens showing the games in virtually every Brazilian city. Ask any Brazilian on the street what they think about the performance of the Brazilian team, and you're likely to get a detailed answer of how they're doing, and suggestions for improvement. During the World Cup, every Brazilian is a football coach!
The World Cup shows Brazilians’ passion for football and how important it is to their culture. The country is as successful as it is passionate, having accumulated five titles, more than any other nation in the world.
Preparations for the World Cup in Brazil
This was not Brazil’s first time hosting a World Cup, as the competition in 1950 was held in the country. However, it was every Brazilian's dream come true when it was announced that the country would be hosting the World Cup once again in 2014. It was not only good from a soccer and passion point of view, but also for the country's economy and travel industry.
To prepare for an event of such large scale, the government had to renew stadiums and airports in the cities where the games occured. Hotels and shopping centers were also built in cities such as Rio de Janeiro and São Paulo, where the games were held.
Football in Brazil is more than just a sport, it's a lifestyle. Therefore, if you really want to feel Brazilian and part of the country's culture, you may want to give this sport a try - whether it's watching a game on television or playing it at the beach.