Any person working in Norway is obliged to pay a national insurance contribution, which amounts to 7.8% of their wage. This is paid together with tax – i.e. it is deducted from your wage.
However, if you submit an E101 form from the social security service in your home country, you do not need to pay social security in Norway.
Employers must also pay a contribution to the social security system for each employee and employers must submit a tax report on their employees salaries (and any other remuneration for work) to the Norwegian tax authorities.
Pensions in Norway
The benefits system in Norway is constantly being redeveloped, and for an up-to-date description, have a look at the Norwegian Ministry's website. The age at which a person can retire and receive a pension in Norway is 67.
The Norwegian old age pension consists of a basic pension and a supplementary pension. The amount of basic pension you will receive depends upon the number of years you have been in gainful employment in Norway, and the number of years you have been a member of the Norwegian national insurance system. This tends to be from the age of 16 until the end of your 66th year. This period of time is called the “insurance period” (trygdetid). If you have paid national insurance contributions for over 40 years, you will receive a full basic pension.
The amount of supplementary pension you receive depends both on the years you have been working and the amount of income you have earned during this time.