Driving in Belgium

Road network, traffic regulations & mandatory equipment

Although it’s true that Belgian drivers have a certain reputation and Belgium used to be notorious for poor road safety, things have improved a lot in recent years. With a little knowledge and common sense, driving in Belgium is a great way to get around.

The Belgian road network

The extensive road network in Belgium consists of modern highways without tolls and secondary roads which, especially in the Walloon region, are sometimes poorly maintained. Together, these connect all the corners of the country.

Signs can sometimes be unclear in terms of style and color, and on secondary roads they can even be absent. In Flanders, road signs are only displayed in Dutch and in Wallonia they are exclusively in French.

Traffic regulations

When driving on Belgian roads it is useful to know some of the basic rules and regulations to help you drive safely and to avoid getting fines. These are the most important rules for driving in Belgium:

Important documents
Driving under influence
Traffic lights
Running the engine
Cruise control

Mandatory equipment

For safety reasons, in Belgium it’s mandatory to have certain tools present in your car and wear particular items of clothing when driving a motorcycle. On-the-spot fines can be issued for failing to carry these specific items:

Note: When renting a car in Belgium, always check whether the mandatory equipment is present in the vehicle.


In Belgium, all drivers (Belgian and foreign) and passengers of motorcycles must put on gloves, a jacket with long sleeves, long trousers or overalls, and boots that protect the ankles. Children under 3 are not allowed on motorcycles. Children between 3 and 8 may be carried as passengers in a special childrens seat but only on motorcycles up to 125cc.

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