You will probably not be covered for any health treatment in Romania unless you fall into one of the following groups:
- You are a member or directly related as a dependent of a member of the Romanian social security system
- You have an EHIC (European Health Insurance Card). This is valid for visitors to Romania from another EU country and can be obtained from the appropriate government department in your home country)
- Come from a country with a reciprocal healthcare agreement with Romania – check with your local authority
If you are not covered you will probably be expected to pay immediately and in cash for medical services. We strongly advise medical insurance which will cover this eventuality.
It is recommended to be up-to-date with or get the following vaccinations before travelling to Romania:
- Hepatitis A
These may change based on current conditions, so check with your local travel clinic.
Hepatitis B is endemic. There is also a health risk from Tuberculosis and Hepatitis C if coming into contact with at-risk segments of the local population. Consider vaccination/inoculation when available and employ standard precautions when coming into close contact with people.
Stray dogs may have Rabies and/or the tick-born African Typhus virus. You can get a vaccination for Rabies if likely to be in rural areas and at risk. Urgently seek medical help if bitten.
Drinking water is normally chlorinated which does mean it is relatively safe. However, quality varies from place to place and can cause stomach upsets, especially for foreigners exposed to unaccustomed bacteria. In rural areas, it is recommended that all drinking water be boiled or that you drink bottled water, and that you avoid ice cubes. You can buy bottled water everywhere, so supply is not a problem. The water from the kitchen or bathroom is good to use for either washing or showering.