Working conditions

Social security, management culture and holidays

Working conditions


The Ministry of Labor, Family and Equal Opportunities has an important role in coordinating the institutions in charge with social security systems for employees and the self-employed who move within the European Community, as well as for their family members.

It also plays an important role in defining policies, adopting legislation, and managing an important share of the social security system.

Social security for unemployment, illness, maternity, disability

The following institutions are involved in the enforcement of social security laws and regulations in Romania:

  • the Ministry of Labor, Family and Equal Opportunities ( )
  • the Ministry of Public Health
  • the National House of Pensions and Other Social Insurance Rights (NHPOSSR)
  • the National Employment Agency (NEA)
  • the National Health Insurance House
  • the Ministry of Education, Research and Youth (MERY)

Management culture in Romania

  • Many companies still function in a traditional manner. Top management makes important decisions and all employees are expected to follow the established rules and procedures.
  • Much business is done at an informal level in Romania, so establish personal relationships.
  • Minutes are drawn up for every meeting, no matter how brief.
  • Romanians are very easy-going and not formal at all.
  • Romanian business cards always include academic title and job title.

Hours of work and Holidays

Full-time working hours are eight hours per day and 40 hours per week. Working time may not exceed 48 hours per week, including overtime. Working hours for people aged 18 and under are limited to six hours per day and 30 hours per week.

Vacation, according to the general legal work contract valid in Romania, is a minimum of 21 days per year. Private sector employees are entitled to paid non-working days for exceptional family events or other situations as follows:

  • marriage of employee – five days
  • marriage of an employee’s child – two days
  • birth of a child – five days plus ten days in case the employee attended infant care courses
  • death of spouse, child, parents, parents-in-law – three days
  • death of grandparents, brothers, sisters – one day
  • upon change of employment within the same company and when relocating to another town – five days.

List of legal holidays in Romania:

  • January 1st and 2nd, New Years’ Day and the following day
  • Orthodox Easter
  • 1st of May, Labor Day
  • 1st of December, Romania’s National Day
  • 25th and 26th of December, Christmas and Boxing Day
  • Two days for each of the two annual religious holidays, declared as such by legally recognized religions other than Christianity, for persons affiliated to these religions

Further reading

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