Social security number

How to get a social security number in Spain

Social security number

A social security number is necessary to work and live in Spain, as well as to access the healthcare system. All foreigners in Spain are entitled to a social security number. Once you have it you can access the Spanish security system. It is strongly recommended to get a number if working or job hunting in Spain.

How to obtain a social security number

Obtaining it is a fairly straightforward process, especially if you are from the EU. First, download and fill out the TA-1 form . Fill in personal information, ID details, address and contact details, reasons for requesting the social security number. The form is not available in English, so if you need help check out this example translation .

Next, prepare all the documentation needed and make at least two photocopies of your:

  • ID or Passport
  • Rental contract, employment contract if you have them.
  • NIE, if already obtained (more info on NIE numbers can be found here ).

Non-EU citizens must also bring their residency papers and visa.

Once the above is prepared, locate the nearest Tesorería de la Seguridad Social. You can find a list here , or you can search for the closest office on by clicking on 'Buscar centros' on the same page. They are usually open Monday to Friday from 9am to 2pm, but check beforehand. It is advisable to get there at least 30 minutes before opening hour, so to avoid long queues. Once you get in, you will be assigned a number and you can wait for your turn.

It is likely that nobody at the office will speak English, so be sure to know a few expressions, like “necesito número de la seguridad social”.


When applying for a social security number, keep in mind the following things:

  • Make and bring at least 2 photocopies of all the documents required.
  • Get to the Tesorería de la Seguridad Social at least 30 minutes before opening hours.
  • Put a Spanish mobile number in the form as a lot of services can be accessed via SMS.

Further reading

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